What are imperfections?
A defect is any type of mark, stain, discoloration or imperfection that appears on the skin. Facial imperfections can be unsightly and emotionally upsetting, but most are benign and not life-threatening. However, some imperfections may be a sign of skin cancer.
Seeking medical treatment or using home remedies can help reduce the appearance of blemishes.
Read on to learn about the different types of imperfections and how you can treat them.
Types of imperfections
“Tache” is a general term for any type of skin brand. There are many types of imperfections.
Acne is a common condition. Acne can appear as:
Acne is caused by sebum (oil), bacteria or dirt that clogs hair follicles. Acne can sometimes leave dark spots, pocket marks or scars on the skin. These are also types of stains.
Hormonal changes are thought to play a role in the formation of acne. Stress can also worsen acne by increasing sebum production, although it is not considered a fundamental cause of this condition.
Papules are small skin lesions of different types. They usually have a diameter of about 1 centimeter. Their colour can vary from pink to brown. The pimples are sometimes called papules. The papules can appear individually or in clusters and can have any shape. Here are some examples of papules:
Psoriasis and shingles can also cause papules to form.
Nodules are a collection of fabrics. They are harder to the touch than papules, usually 1 to 2 centimetres in diameter. Nodules can appear at any level of the skin. Their color can vary from flesh to red. Skin tags and warts are examples of nodules.
Age spots (liver spots)
These small dark spots can form on any part of the body that has been exposed to the sun. They are more common in people over the age of 50, but they can also appear in young people. Age spots are a type of hyperpigmentation.
Pustules are bumps filled with liquid or pus. White dots and chickenpox bulbs are types of pustules. Other conditions can lead to the formation of pustules, such as scabies and rosacea, a common skin condition marked by visible vesicles and blood vessels.
Hair removal techniques, such as tweezers, waxing or shaving, can sometimes lead to the formation of ingrown hairs. These are hairs that grow back into the skin and get stuck in them. This can lead to the formation of a red bump. People with curly hair may be more sensitive to ingrown hairs than those with straight hair.
Ingrown hairs can also turn into large ingrown hair cysts filled with fluid. These may be red, yellow or white in appearance. They can be uncomfortable or painful to the touch.
Birthmarks usually occur at birth or shortly after birth. They can vary in appearance, size, shape and colour. Moles and port wine stains are types of birthmarks that usually last a lifetime. Other types, such as hemangiomas and salmon stains, tend to fade over time.
Melasma is very common during pregnancy. It is a skin condition characterized by brownish spots. It can be caused by sun exposure and hormonal changes.
There are several types of skin cancer, including:
basal cell carcinoma
squamous cell carcinoma
Skin cancers can vary in appearance and colour. Some forms of skin cancer look like dark moles with irregular edges. Others look like yellow crusts or red raised bumps. Only your doctor can determine with certainty if a defect is skin cancer.